q119Executive Summary

  • The first quarter of 2019 witnessed a noticeable uptick in security incidents in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso.
  • The poorly secured porous borders of all three countries continue to enable insurgent jihadi network operations across the Sahel.
  • Mali dominated the reporting period, having recorded the highest number of incidents, followed by Burkina Faso.
  • The string of attacks recorded in Mali’s Mopti region in late March 2019 highlight the problem of communal violence across the Sahel, which can to varying extents be either exploited or triggered by ongoing insurgent or religiously-motivated transnational terrorist organisations.

Burkina Faso Summary

  • The situation in Burkina Faso has deteriorated rapidly over the past six months, with insurgent Jihadists entrenching themselves further into the impoverished country’s sociological structure.

Mali Summary

  • A series of incidents opposing local communities occurred in Mopti region during the final weeks of March 2019.
  • While the quarter’s spotlight was undeniably set on community tensions and clashes, the threat posed by al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and other jihadi organisations remains the major source of concern in the northern part of the country.

Niger Summary

  • Niger recorded a series of attacks during the first weeks of January, which decreased over the rest of the reporting period. Niger suffers notably from insurgent expertise and ammunition entering the country through neighbouring Mali and in Diffa region located within the Lake Chad Basin bordering Nigeria.

The complete report is available for download at the following link:  Sahel Special Report


This report is provided for information purposes only and does not constitute professional advice. Professional advice should be obtained before taking or refraining from any action as a result of the contents of this report. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information within the report but Salama Fikira can take no responsibility for inaccuracies of fact or deduction. All images are subject to copyright.